What is included in orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. It is a field that requires extensive knowledge and skills, as well as advanced training beyond general dentistry.

In this article, we will discuss what is included in orthodontics, including common orthodontic treatments, tools, and techniques.

The primary goal of orthodontics is to correct teeth and jaw alignment issues, improve the overall functionality of the teeth, and create a healthy, beautiful smile. Orthodontic treatment can also improve speech and chewing, alleviate breathing problems, and prevent further dental issues from developing. Below are some of the most common orthodontic treatments.


Braces are one of the most common orthodontic treatments. They consist of brackets, wires, and elastic bands that work together to apply pressure to the teeth, gradually shifting them into the desired position. Braces can be made of metal, ceramic, or clear plastic, and they can be worn for anywhere from 6 months to several years, depending on the severity of the case.


Invisalign is a popular alternative to traditional braces. Instead of brackets and wires, Invisalign uses a series of clear, removable aligners to gently shift the teeth into place. Invisalign is especially popular among adults and teenagers who want a more discreet orthodontic treatment option.


Retainers are custom-made devices that are used to maintain the position of the teeth after orthodontic treatment. They can be fixed or removable and are typically worn for several months or even years after braces or Invisalign treatment.

Palatal expanders:

Palatal expanders are devices that are used to widen the upper jaw in children and teenagers. They can help create more space for crowded teeth and improve the overall alignment of the teeth and jaw.


Headgear is a device that is used to correct bite problems and align the teeth and jaw. It is typically worn at night and applies gentle pressure to the teeth and jaw to help shift them into place.

Orthodontic appliances:

There are several other orthodontic appliances that may be used to correct specific dental or jaw issues, including bite plates, lip bumpers, and space maintainers.

In addition to these treatments, orthodontists use a variety of tools and techniques to diagnose and treat dental and facial irregularities. One of the most important tools used in orthodontics is X-rays, which can help orthodontists evaluate the position of the teeth and jaw and plan the most effective treatment.

Orthodontists may also use digital models, photographs, and other imaging techniques to create a comprehensive treatment plan for each patient. This may involve a combination of different orthodontic treatments, such as braces and palatal expanders, to achieve the desired results.

Overall, orthodontics is a complex and specialized field that requires extensive knowledge, skills, and training. Orthodontists work closely with their patients to develop customized treatment plans that address their unique dental and facial irregularities and improve their overall oral health and well-being. If you are interested in learning more about orthodontic treatment options or would like to schedule a consultation with an orthodontist, contact your local dental clinic today.